Cultural Landscapes Link to Nature: Learning from Satoyama and Satoumi
World Heritage Studies, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
ABSTRACT The nature–culture divide is an artificial separation consolidated by Western modern science. It is a social construction that disseminated globally, but does not exist in some non-Western societies. Abandoning this framework to embrace an integrated system for sustainability is challenging. The concept of the historic urban landscape (HUL) already attempts to integrate natural and cultural heritage into urban planning by focusing on a landscape approach. However, this approach consumes rural and nature into the urban. To uncover nature and return it to the forefront of urban conservation, this paper explores cultural landscapes as examples where natural and cultural values are inextricably related. Four case studies are presented of satoyama and satoumi, cultural landscapes of Japan where Shinto beliefs and traditional agricultural practices knit together nature and culture, rendering the divide unseen. This paper suggests connecting the HUL approach, with this inclusive understanding, by turning the focus to mapping seasonal relationships following a transdisciplinary approach in which indigenous and local knowledge are integrated, as well as a temporal dimension. In this way, one can find satoyama and satoumi in the urban environment: by looking beyond the attributes, the interrelationships with the natural substratum needed to support the development of quality and resilient environments can be revealed.
KEYWORDS cultural landscapes, satoyama, satoumi, historic urban landscape, sustainability, reconnecting nature– culture, natureculture, nature–culture divide, intangible cultural heritage
Received September 13, 2018; accepted November 26, 2018.
updated on December 28, 2018